Energy Policy Brief No. 12, December 2015
Mainstreaming Gender in the SADC Energy Sector
Without access to modern energy services, women and girls spend most of their time on basic tasks that are time-consuming, non-remunerative and highly laborious, such as collecting biomass fuels. This further exacerbates gender inequalities as many women are unable to access wage employment, education or business opportunities due to these responsibilities, and also limits options for social and political interaction outside the household.
Energy Policy Brief Number 11, Feb 2013
2014-2024 Decade for Sustainable Energy
THE UNITED Nations has declared 2014-2024 as the Decade for Sustainable Energy for all to underscore the importance of energy issues in the post-2015 development agenda. In a resolution made on 21 December 2012, the UN General Assembly called upon member states to galvanize efforts to make universal access to sustainable modern energy services a priority, noting that about 1.3 billion people worldwide are without electricity and another 2.6 billion people in developing countries rely on traditional biomass for cooking and heating. It expressed concern that even when energy services are available, millions of people are unable to pay for them.
Energy Policy Brief Number 10, December 2012
Towards renewable energy: Challenges and opportunities for using new technologies
RENEWABLE ENERGY technologies are expected to ease southern Africa’s power shortages as the region seeks solutions to a decade long problem that threatens to derail efforts to attain energy self-sufficiency and regional development. Renewable energy is any energy that is naturally replenished, and includes energy from natural resources such as hydro, methane, sunlight, wind and geothermal heat. Energy produced from the refining of biomass is also classified as renewable.
Energy Policy Brief Number 9, October 2012
Interconnectors – conduits for SADC energy integration
THE SOUTHERN African Power Pool (SAPP) has identified six priority transboundary transmission projects that are expected to improve connectivity and electricity trading in the region by 2017. The priority projects, estimated to cost US$5.6 billion, are part of a portfolio of short to medium-tem projects being pursued by SAPP with the aim of increasing the availability of electricity in the region and connecting non-participating SADC Member States to the regional power grid.
Energy Policy Brief Number 8, April 2012
Southern Africa – the world’s next oil frontier
SOUTHERN AFRICA is a treasure of opportunities for the international oil industry and is now widely regarded as the new frontier of growth for ambitious explorers. Global oil prices have risen steadily since mid-2010, rising froma round US$70 a barrel in May of that year to US$123 a barrel for brent crude oil by the end of the first quarter of 2012. With annual growth in Africa's oil production expected to average four percent over the next five years and oil prices likely to continue rising, southern Africa is fast becoming an attractive region for ambitious explorers, seeking to tap the vast unexplored reserves available in the region.
Energy Policy Brief Number 7, October 2011
Meeting Energy Capacity Needs in Southern Africa
The development of a vibrant energy sector able to ensure self-sufficiency is a high priority in the SADC region. Given a rapidly expanding economy, the region has since 1999 aimed for the provision of reliable and affordable energy services. Besides funding constraints, one of the challenges
to realizing some of the energy goals is meeting project schedules, and engineering and design. A lack of technical capacity at a regional level has been cited as a major factor affecting SADC’s ability to attain energy self-sufficiency.
Energy Policy Brief Number 6, August 2011
Opportunities and Challenges of Financing Development in Southern Africa
Current energy shortages in southern Africa have led to a surge in projects aimed at augmenting generation capacity in the region. Starting in 2000, SADC has pushed for energy infrastructure investment and development to beat a crippling power shortage that has seen most countries in the region introducing load-shedding programmes to spread available supplies equitably. Member State utilities through the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) have identified a number of priority projects for commissioning over the next few years to address the energy situation in the region.
Energy Policy Brief Number 5, April 2011
Energy Security and the Quest for Self-sufficiency
SOUTHERN AFRICA has over the past two decades outlined its energy strategy and policy in several documents such as the SADC Protocol on Energy (1996), the SADC Energy Cooperation Policy and Strategy (1996) and the SADC Energy Activity Plan (2000). Although now out of date and already under review, the policy framework does at least encourage a regional approach to the development of the energy sector. However, this approach has hitherto not been backed by actual actions on the ground as Member States often opt for what may seem easier options in the short term in light of current shortages, options that could actually be insufficient in terms of addressing the long term energy needs of the region.